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Philosophy


Philosophy as a category is the study of general and fundamental problems, such as those connected with reality, existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language. Philosophy is distinguished from other ways of addressing such problems by its critical, generally systematic approach and its reliance on rational argument. The word "philosophy" comes from the Greek philosophia, which literally means "love of wisdom".

 
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Sacred Books

By: M. Winternitz

THE period covered by the inception, the publication, and the completion of the Sacred Books of the East exactly coincides with the thirty-four years that I have spent in Oxford. When I matriculated, Professor Max Muller, the editor of the series, was about to begin work on the first volume, which appeared while I was still an undergraduate. I lost no time in making his acquaintance, for it was the influence of one of his works that had stimulated me to begin under Pro...

Habeltt sua lata libelli-not only after they have been published, but sometimes even before they are printed. It was in the spring of 1894 that the late Professor Max Muller first suggested to me that I should compile a General Index of the names and subject-matter for the complete series of the Sacred Books of the East. Such an Index, he thought, would be a great help to all students of the Sacred Books of tile East, and of the greatest value for the study of the history of religions.

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Watermelon Credo

By: Wally Amos

Due to the success of my Watermelon Credo Post, I created this book. Each letter in the word WATERMELON is a chapter. The W in Watermelon stands for: Whatever you believe creates your reality. And this book is a perfect example.What began as a wall poster is now a book. In his latest and happiest work yet, Wally Amos spells out in heart-warming, well-chosen words how to fill your life with inspiration and fun. Renowned as a cookie man and motivational speaker, Wally draw...

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Man's Fate and God's Choice: An Agenda for Human Transformation

By: Bhimeswara Challa

Stagnate as a 'creepy caterpillar' or transform into a 'beauteous butterfly'-this path-breaking book of a rare genre suggests-is the seminal choice before mankind, and every one of us. In this setting, the book raises some fundamental questions: What is man's rightful place in the cosmos and his manifest destiny on earth? Why are we so self-righteously self-destructive? Are we a doomed species? Or 'divine' beings struggling to overcome the hubris of the human intellect? ...

Chapter 1 Man in Context God gotten weary of Man! The turn of any millennium is always a time for thoughtfulness, a rugged moment for intrepid introspection, a hinge of history for an honest audit of human conduct, for a moral inventory of our presence on earth, a juncture for a steadfast look at a nebulous — and numinous — stage in the life of our blessed (and baffling) species. Although it is but a twinkle in the cosmic calendar and a trifling stretch in the geo...

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Taking Action for a Better World

By: Jeremy P Boggess

In our world today there are monumental and exponential changes occurring. These changes are happening not just in the local, international, and global arenas, but even within ourselves. Looking at ourselves, our governments, our societies, humanity, and the world in general, many questions and concerns may come to mind. Let us explore these, and discuss our responsibilities and the necessary actions that will help guide us into our future. It is important to look beyond...

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Critique of Pure Reason : Critique of Pure Reason By Immanuel Kant...

By: Immanuel Kant

This entirely new translation of Critique of Pure Reason is the most accurate and informative English translation ever produced of this epochal philosophical text. Though its simple, direct style will make it suitable for all new readers of Kant, the translation displays a philosophical and textual sophistication that will enlighten Kant scholars as well. This translation recreates as far as possible a text with the same interpretative nuances and richness as the original.

“Thoughts without content are empty, intuitions without concepts are blind.” “Man must be disciplined, for he is by nature raw and wild..”

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Bhagvad-Gita Treatise of Self-Help

By: BS Murthy

Bhagavad-Gita is the most beautiful, perhaps the only true philosophical song existing in any known tongue – so opined William von Humboldt, who wrote seven-hundred verses in its praise. It is a matter of consensus that Bhagvad-Gita in the present length of seven hundred slokas has many an interpolation to it, but no meaningful attempt has ever been made to delve into the nature and extent, not to speak of the effect of these on the Hindu society at large. The m...

All about Life - Chapter 2 This character defining chapter of the Gita comprising 72 slokas, known as saankhya yoga, Realization through Knowledge, is regarded by many, as the peerless part of the great epic. Arjuna’s dilemma, meanwhile, turns into grief, as the horrific prospect of slaying Bhishma, his revered granduncle, and Drona, his venerated guru, sinks into his consciousness. Bogged down by sentiment, Arjuna appeals to Lord Krishna for guidance. The Lord’s respon...

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Épistémologie des services de renseignement

By: Nicolae Sfetcu; Nicolae Sfetcu

Une analogie entre les aspects épistémologiques et méthodologiques de l'activité des services de renseignement et certaines disciplines scientifiques, en préconisant une approche plus scientifique du processus de collecte et d'analyse de l'information au sein du cycle du renseignement. J'affirme que les aspects théoriques, ontologiques et épistémologiques de l'activité de nombreux services de renseignement sont sous-estimés, ce qui conduit à une compréhension incomplète ...

L'information c'est le pouvoir. Cette perception s’est intensifiée au cours de la Seconde Guerre mondiale, lorsque les services de renseignement a été officialisés et leur nombre a été considérablement accru. Dans tous les pays, de nouvelles services et départements ont été créés pour faire face aux menaces. Les gouvernements dépensent actuellement des sommes énormes pour les services de renseignement considérées comme une composante majeure des systèmes de sécurité nati...

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Abstracta and Possibilia: Modal Foundations of Mathematical Platonism

By: Hasen Khudairi

This paper aims to provide modal foundations for mathematical platonism. I examine Hale and Wright's (2009) objections to the merits and need, in the defense of mathematical platonism and its epistemology, of the thesis of Necessitism. In response to Hale and Wright's objections to the role of epistemic and metaphysical modalities in providing justification for both the truth of abstraction principles and the success of mathematical predicate reference, I examine the Nec...

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Absolute Decidability and Mathematical Modality

By: Hasen Khudairi

This paper aims to contribute to the analysis of the nature of mathematical modality, and to the applications of the latter to unrestricted quantification and absolute decidability. Rather than countenancing the interpretational type of mathematical modality as a primitive, I argue that the interpretational type of mathematical modality is a species of epistemic modality. I argue, then, that the framework of multi-dimensional intensional semantics ought to be applied to ...

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Scientia in verba Magazine : Homenaje a Mario Bunge, Volume 5: Hom...

By: Sr. Sergio Barrera, Editor; Walter Alberto Alegre, Illustrator

La revista digital Scientia in verba Magazine ISSN: 2619-2586 (En línea), es una publicación periódica sin ánimo de lucro que comenzó actividades en el año 2018; orientada a difundir la producción intelectual de diversos autores adscritos a la filosofía de la ciencia, la epistemología y/o la investigación científica filosóficamente informada. Dirigida a investigadores, docentes, estudiantes y comunidad académica en general; además, a cualquier persona interesada en las ...

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Scientia in verba Magazine : Realismo científico y epistemología d...

By: Sr. Sergio Barrera, Editor; Walter Alberto Alegre, Illustrator

La revista digital Scientia in verba Magazine ISSN: 2619-2586 (En línea), es una publicación periódica sin ánimo de lucro que comenzó actividades en el año 2018; orientada a difundir la producción intelectual de diversos autores adscritos a la filosofía de la ciencia, la epistemología y/o la investigación científica filosóficamente informada. Dirigida a investigadores, docentes, estudiantes y comunidad académica en general; además, a cualquier persona interesada en las ...

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Théories causales de la référence pour les noms propres

By: Nicolae Sfetcu

Les principales théories causales de la référence pour les noms propres, et la proposition d'une nouvelle approche basée sur l'analogie de la chaîne des blocs de la technologie de blockchain et la théorie narrative de Paul Ricœur. Après une brève Introduction dans laquelle sont passés en revue les types de propositions du concept de mondes possibles et une vue d'ensemble de la théorie dans La théorie causale de la référence, je présente la théorie causale initiale de la ...

John Stuart Mill a soutenu que les noms peuvent être divisés en deux types : connotatifs et non-connotatifs. Les noms propres sont les seuls noms d'objets qui n'ont pas de connotation et n'ont pas de sens strict. (Mill 1882) John Searle soutient que chaque nom propre est associé à un ensemble de descriptions qui déterminent la référence. Ainsi, le nom dénote indirectement. (John R. Searle 1958) Saul Kripke critique la vision frégéenne de Searle, arguant que les noms so...

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Miscellaneous Jottings : of Lindsay Falvey from diverse books read...

By: Dr. Lindsay Falvey

This miscellany of thoughts stimulated by books I have read was for my own purposes. As is normal, my thoughts today have moved on with time, yet they are useful for me to see where some ideas may have arisen. Whether seen as essays, a diary or a like a blog is of little concern to me, for it is just a convergence of my understanding and questioning and as such can seen repetitive.

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Where Men and Gods Fear to Tread: Beyond the Lies (Complete)

By: Justin Ronk

Where Men and Gods Fear to Tread lays out the intertwined nature of all major world religions and even shows the religion from which they are all descended (the Urreligion). It also incorporates discussion of every major world's religions basic practices, philosophies, and shortcomings. This is the updated version of the original published in 2012 to include the additional section at the end for a complete read. There has also been a few minor formatting updates.

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UNIVERSAL CONSCIOUSNESS : The participatory universe: The particip...

By: Guru alexis karpouzos

The universe is not a world of separate things and events but is a cosmos that is connected, coherent, and bears a profound resemblance to the visions held in the earliest spiritual traditions in which the physical world and spiritual experience were both aspects of the same reality and man and the universe were one. The findings that justify this new vision of the underlying logic of the universe come from almost all of the empirical sciences: physics, cosmology, the li...

Our souls are tied across universes, there is unbroken continuity, you see the love is more powerful than death, so let the winds of the heavens to dance with you and give your smile at the other's welcome.

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The Total Presence

By: Bruno Campello

The Total Presence is a new exhibition, conceived according to a different plan from the essential theses contained in the book de l’Être, which constitutes the first volume of the Dialectic of the Eternal Present. This work had seemed difficult to a certain number of readers: the same doctrine will be found here, reduced to a simpler line and, so to speak, ideal, relieved of all the particular issues that it risked sharing the attention, of all the technical issues t...

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On the Psychology of Philosophy: An Introduction to Cognietrics

By: A. O. Deutsch

People have asked about the subject of my book, and how it is possible to calculate the definition of philosophical concepts such as knowledge and deduction from combinations of psychological aptitudes using abstract algebra. For this reason I would like to share with you one of the results calculated in my book. Myers-Briggs types are classified as: Introverted or Extraverted, iNtuitive (imaginative) or Sensing (realistic), Thinking (logical) or Feeling (emotional), an...

The Reason for Jungian Typology Heraclitus said, “if there is one thing that is immutable, it is change”. Naturally our responses to such an unpredictable idea differ as they evolve to meet it. We may ask: Should I be concerned with specific (Introverted) or general (Extraverted) change? This is important because the very concept of change implies degrees of change. Should I respond to change (Sensing) or initiate it (iNtuiting)? This is important because we are bot...

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Chance Encounters : . . . is but a dream: . . . is but a dream

By: James Keith Wright

Have you ever wondered if the stranger sitting next to you held the answers to life's secrets?

"Actually the article covers the latest theory of what happened during the first second after the Big Bang occurred. Have you ever heard of the Big Bang?" "Of course I have," she said. "That's the creation myth of science, isn't it?"

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La distinction entre falsification et rejet dans le problème de la...

By: Nicolae Sfetcu

Malgré les critiques de la théorie de Karl Popper sur la falsifiabilité pour la démarcation entre la science et la non-science, principalement la pseudo-science, ce critère est toujours très utile et parfaitement valide après avoir été perfectionné par Popper et ses disciples. De plus, même dans sa version originale, qualifiée de « dogmatique » par Lakatos, Popper n’a pas affirmé que cette méthode constituait un critère absolu de démarcation : un seul contre-exemple ne s...

Dans cet article, je soutiens que, malgré les critiques de la théorie de Karl Popper sur la falsifiabilité pour la démarcation entre la science et la non-science, principalement la pseudo-science, ce critère est toujours très utile et parfaitement valide après avoir été perfectionné par Popper et ses disciples. De plus, même dans sa version originale, qualifiée de « dogmatique » par Lakatos, Popper n’a pas affirmé que cette méthode constituait un critère absolu de démarc...

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Notes of an Underground Humanist

By: Dr. Chris Wright

In a decadent late-capitalist society, humanism is under attack from all directions. It's time we fought back and reclaimed what it means to be human, embracing the best of what history and thought have bequeathed us.

The world has changed since 2007, when I wrote the preface to the first edition of this book. That was still the age of capitalist triumphalism, of glacial politics in the U.S. and the Despair of the Activist. Cultural ennui—personal ennui for me. Aimlessness. Since 2008, though, and especially since 2011, life has taken on a new coloring. Horizons have opened; the world is in tumult, even more than it was, and nothing seems permanent anymore. Things have continued to ge...

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